a genus of American plants with more than 300 different species. The fiber from
the leaves of some agave species is used to make textiles.
the archaeological term used to describe the people who lived between the eighth- and fourteenth-centuries in the four corners region, where Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah meet. Also known as
a collective term for several distinct societies of American Indians who speak
related languages and live in several areas of the U.S. Southwest and the southern Plains.
a loom on which the warp yarn is stretched between a stationary object and the body of the weaver, usually attached to a belt that goes around
the waist. The weaver controls the tension by leaning backwards.
archaeological term used to describe the people who lived before the second century AD in the four corners region, where Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah meet.
a loom on which the warp yarn is stretched between two horizontal sticks attached to an "A"-shaped frame,
similar in construction to an easel, for weaving narrow textiles.
a way of making a textile without a loom. Yarns going in the same direction are crossed over and under other yarns in their paths. Also called interlacing.
a weaving style associated with Chimayó and nearby northern New Mexican
Hispanic communities. It is characterized by striped bands framing a central motif.
Spanish for "blanket." The term is used more specifically in reference
to Mayo textiles to distinguish simple blankets from more elaborate ones, called
a technique in which the same design is produced on both sides of a textile but in reverse colors.
decorated by ornamental needlework.
a decorative border of hanging yarns.
pertaining to or having origins in Spain. The word Hispanic (or Hispanics) also refers to
the descendants of Spanish people who migrated to the Americas.
American Indians living in northern Arizona. Their name for themselves
also is Hopi.
a loom on which the warp yarns are stretched across bars horizontal to the
a hand-dyeing process in which the yarns are dyed with a pattern before the weaving begins. The term comes from the Malaysian word "mengikat" meaning to tie or bind.
Sections of the yarn are bound or covered with a substance that prevents
penetration of the dye. The term also refers to the finished fabric designed in this way.
a technique used to make textiles without a loom in which threads are passed
alternately over one another. Also called braiding.
pertaining to or having origins in the religion of Islam.
a textile, typically coarse with twill and check designs, used for such things
as covering floors and wrapping bundles.
a technique used to make textiles without looms. Yarn is knotted together, as in
a fishing net.
a mechanical device used to hold warp yarn in place so that weft yarn can be woven through at right angles.
American Indians living in the coastal and foothills area in the Mexican states of Sonora and
Their name for themselves is Yoreme.
American Indians who live along the lower Colorado River, where the states of
Arizona, Nevada, and California meet. Their name for themselves is Pipa Aha
Muslims who invaded the Iberian peninsula from North Africa in AD 711 and
occupied it until AD 1492.
American Indians today living in northwestern New Mexico and northeastern Arizona.
Their name for themselves is Diné.
any number of ways to make a textile without a loom, including braiding,
looping, and twining
a four-sided design motif in which both pairs of opposite sides are parallel to
American Indians living in central southern Arizona. Their name for themselves
is 'Ákimel 'Ó'odham.
Plain weave technique
the simplest way of weaving in which a weft is passed over and then under adjacent warps.
a blanket for wearing that has an opening in the middle to slip over the head.
pertaining to the people who lived in the area which is now Mexico before the arrival of the Spanish in 1519.
Spanish for "towns." When the Spanish arrived in the southwestern United States in the
16th century, many of the American Indians lived in towns with compact structures similar to apartment buildings. The word Pueblo also generally refers to the people who built these towns and their descendants
a weaving technique that uses strips of cloth or rags for weft yarns.
Rugs made in this way are called rag rugs.
Rio Grande weaving
a term created by scholars to refer to the entire tradition of Hispanic weaving in New
a weaving style characterized by a rectangular shape with borders that frame a central motif (most often a serrated
diamond) and a patterned background. It
is thought to have originated around AD 1600 near Saltillo, the modern capital
of the northern Mexican state of Coahuila.
a blanket for wearing. Also spelled "serape."
a motif in the shape of a diamond with step-like edges.
a weaving technique in which an area of color is woven with the same strand of yarn. This technique is described as a discontinuous weft because a weft yarn does not necessarily go from one side of the textile to the other.
American Indians living in the mountainous region of southwestern Chihuahua in Mexico.
Their name for themselves is Rarámuri.
a motif in the shape of steps.
American Indians of central Mexico, who lived in and around the modern Mexican
state of Tlaxcala at the time of Spanish contact in 1519.
a loom in which levers or pedals move the warps so that the wefts can be passed through.
The Spanish introduced this kind of loom to the Americas.
a weaving technique in which wefts are passed over a certain number of warps to create a diagonal pattern.
a way of making textiles without a loom in which yarns are twisted around one another in opposite directions.
a dye made from a plant.
a loom on which the warp yarns run at a right angle to the ground.
the yarns that are laid out first on a loom or frame.
the yarn that is woven under and over the warp yarns that are already stretched onto the loom.
a weaving technique used in making bags and baskets in which pairs of wefts are twisted around warps.
the general term for fibers that have been spun or otherwise twisted into a continuous strand for making a textile.
a genus of American plant. The fiber from the leaves of some yucca species is used to make textiles.
a line that proceeds by sharp turns in alternating directions.
Pueblo Indians living in western New Mexico. Their name for themselves is Siwi.